The National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM) in Indonesia has issued a regulatory letter concerning the presence of Ethylene Glycol (EG) and Diethylene Glycol (DEG) contaminants in certain food additives, namely Sorbitol syrup, Glycerol, and Propylene Glycol. The letter specifies that the maximum allowable limit for EG and DEG is 0.10% for each additive.
Additionally, the Indonesia Ministry of Health had previously established a limit for EG and DEG combined in Polyethylene Glycols, as outlined in the Indonesia Food Codex (KMI), with a maximum limit of 0.25%.
Since November 2022, the issue of Ethylene Glycol (EG) and Diethylene Glycol (DEG) contaminants has garnered widespread attention from pharmaceutical companies, food manufacturers, and the general public in Indonesia. These contaminants have been detected primarily in cough and fever syrup medicines and have been linked to cases of acute kidney disease in infants and children. According to reports, seven out of the 11 patients hospitalized with acute kidney disease were found to have been exposed to EG and DEG.
Any food manufacturer or importer who wishes to register or import a product containing the aforementioned food additives must provide several documents, including a Certificate of Analysis (COA) for Ethylene Glycol (EG) and Diethylene Glycol (DEG) from an accredited laboratory, a statement letter indicating the specific batch of food additive used in the product, and the specification for the food additives.
Indonesia National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM). PW.04.08.1.5.11.22.10 year 2022. Ethylene Glycol and Diethylene Glycol Regulation on Food Additives (Sorbitol Syrup, Glycerol, and Propylene Glycol) for Registration and Importation Purpose.
Indonesia Food Codex (KMI). Indonesia Ministry of Health. Polyethylene Glycols Requirements.
PT Asuransi Reliance Indonesia. (2022). Cemaran EG dan DEG di Obat Sirup Pemicu Gagal Ginjal Akut? Retrieved from https://asuransireliance.com/health/artikel/cemaran-eg-dan-deg-di-obat-sirup-pemicu-gagal-ginjal-akut/